The Intersection of Medicaid and Child Welfare

Download Publication (pdf)

June 2015 | Eligibility

In fiscal year 2011 nearly 1 million children were eligible for Medicaid based on their receipt of child welfare assistance. While the population is small relative to the rest of the Medicaid program—accounting for less than 1 percent of all Medicaid enrollees and about 3 percent of children enrolled on a basis other than disability—their complex health needs, which are often the result of trauma and maltreatment, require an array of specialized services.

Chapter 3 provides background on the child welfare system and the children it serves and describes Medicaid’s role in serving neglected and abused children. It concludes with a discussion of selected Medicaid policy issues relevant for child welfare-involved youth.

Publication Type: Reports to Congress

From: June 2015 Report to Congress on Medicaid and CHIP

Tags: behavioral health, benefits, children, children with special health care needs, Early and Periodic Screening Diagnostic and Treatment (EPSDT), eligibility, financing, foster children, people with mental illness, prescription drugs, spending, substance use