People

Medicaid covers people who would otherwise face considerable financial barriers to health care. Generally, a person must fall into a specific population group, referred to as categorical eligibility, and meet income thresholds in order to be eligible for Medicaid. Federal law mandates some of these eligibility groups; some are covered at state option. All states offer Medicaid coverage for low-income children, their parents, expectant mothers, seniors, and people with disabilities; some states have opted to expand eligibility further. To receive a full range of Medicaid benefits, individuals also must be U.S. citizens or qualified aliens. Learn more about eligibility pathways, eligibility and enrollment processes, and issues pertaining to specific populations.

Learn more

Featured publications

The Intersection of Medicaid and Child Welfare

June 2015 |

In fiscal year 2011 nearly 1 million children were eligible for Medicaid based on their receipt of child welfare assistance. While the population is small relative to the rest of the Medicaid program—accounting for less than 1 percent of all Medicaid enrollees and about 3 percent of children enrolled on a basis other than disability—their […]
Read More >>

Behavioral Health in the Medicaid Program―People, Use, and Expenditures

June 2015 |

Medicaid is the single largest payer in the United States for behavioral health services, including mental health and substance use services. Overall, Medicaid accounted for 26 percent of all behavioral health spending in 2009. The people receiving these services range from young children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder to homeless adults with serious mental illness. Their […]
Read More >>