Access in Brief: Pregnant Women and Medicaid

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November 2018

Medicaid has long played an important role in providing maternity-related services for pregnant women, paying for nearly half of all births in the United States. Birth costs also constitute a sizeable share of hospitalization-related Medicaid spending; in 2012, deliveries and newborn care accounted for about one quarter (27 percent) of total Medicaid spending for inpatient hospital care.

This issue brief examines access to prenatal care and differences between the likelihood of cesarean delivery and preterm and low-birthweight births for women with Medicaid, private insurance, and those who are uninsured, based on data from 33 states participating in the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System. Our analysis also considers the sources of coverage for pregnant women at different stages in their pregnancies, as well as their demographic characteristics and underlying health conditions.

Publication Type: Issue Briefs

Tags: access, maternity services, Medicaid and other payers, pregnant women, prenatal care