CHIP is a joint federal-state program that provides health coverage to low-income, uninsured children with family incomes too high to qualify for Medicaid. In fiscal year (FY) 2015, CHIP covered 8.4 million children. FY 2015 CHIP spending totaled $13.7 billion, 70.8 percent paid by the federal government and 29.2 percent by the states and territories. Congress enacted CHIP in 1997 and most recently extended federal CHIP funding through FY 2017 in the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015 (MACRA, P.L. 114-10).
This fact sheet provides information on how CHIP works, who is enrolled in CHIP, federal Medicaid and CHIP matching rates, and CHIP enrollment and income eligibility levels by CHIP program type and state. The fact sheet also reflects changes in the program as a result of MACRA.
Publication Type: Fact Sheets